University of Zilina

  Home | University | Other information |
  • Foreword
  • Welcome to Slovakia
  • Welcome to Žilina
  • Practical information for foreign students

    Welcome to Slovakia

  • student guade

    Slovakia is a small but beautiful country. By train you can traverse it in 8 hours, by airplane it is possible to fly round it in 1 hour. Within the area of 49 036 square kilometers you can find beautiful mountains of the High and Low Tatras (Vysoké a Nízke Tatry), Small and Big Fatras (Malá a Veľká Fatra) as well as fertile lowlands in the south and east of the country. Although Slovakia is predominantly mountainous - 60% of its territory spreads from 300m up to 2 655m above sea level - it is a green country, covered with coniferous and broad leaved woodlands, green meadows and fields interwoven with smaller and bigger rivers as e. g. the Váh, Hron, Ipeľ, Hornád, Tisa, Morava ... and the Danube. Upon hills you can find early castles, or at least their ruins. Under many of the mountains there are karsts, granite or ice caves. Slovakia has approximately 1 200 thermal and mineral springs and balneological treatment is of world standard. And where is this picturesque country located? If you look at the map of Europe you can see that Slovakia is located directly in the heart of it, bordered in the north by Poland, northwest by the Czech Republic, southwest by Austria, south by Hungary and east by Ukraine.

    The population of Slovakia is 5 500 000. The capital Bratislava with a population of 600 000 is just 65 km from Vienna, Austria, and Žilina is approximately 260 km by car from Vienna. Slovaks, Czechs and Moravians are Slavic people who settled in Central Europe in what is now Slovakia and Czech Republic during the 5th century; most were converted to Christianity in the 9tn century. The common history within the Kingdom of Moravia was interrupted by Hungarian conquest. Slovakia became part of the Kingdom of Hungary early in the 11 th century. After 1526, Slovakia and Hungary fell under Habsburg rule, as did Bohemia. Slovak nationalism was rekindled in the 19 th century, roughly the same time the Hungarians were attempting to overthrow Habsburg rule. With the final demise of the Austria-Hungary rnonarchy, following World War I, the Slovaks joined the Czechs to form the Czecho-Slovak Republic in October 1918.

    Seventy-four years later, in November 1992 the federal parliament voted to divide Czechoslovakia into two independent republics. On January 1, 1993, the Slovak Republic and Czech Republic came into being. Slovakia has a significant tradition in the educational system. The first university of Academia Istropolitana was established in 1465 in Bratislava and in 1762 the first University of Mining in the world, in Banská Štiavnica was established.

    The official language in the Slovak Republic is Slovak. English and German are spoken and understood in the main tourist areas. You can acquire the basic knowledge of Slovak during the 1st year of preparation studies in Slovakia. Slovakia has a continental climate with cold winters and warm summers. The coldest month is January (0°C) and the warmest is July and August (26°C).

  • (c) Copyright 2008, University of Zilina